The co-legislators are currently negotiating measures to reduce emissions from maritime transport by 2030. Emissions trading in maritime transport, the introduction of renewable and alternative fuels and the taxation of marine fuels have been proposed as such measures.
The financial impact is more severe in Finland than in other EU countries
The financial impact of the new EU maritime transport measures is particularly severe in Finland due to long distances and winter conditions. Due to the winter conditions, there is need to use of ice-strengthened vessels around the year. Use of these vessels increases costs more compared to other EU-member states.
The Commission's proposals would increase the annual costs of maritime transport to and from Finland by hundreds of millions of euros by 2030. According to in-depth studies by the Finnish Ministry of Transport and Communications, the cost surcharge would multiply in the coming decades.
The impact studies are updated if needed. The price of CO2 emission allowances is already higher than the price used by the Ministry of Transport and Communications and the European Commission in their calculations. Demand for renewable fuels will be growing due to the expanding demand in all modes of transport and increasing production would require regulation that allows for a broad raw material base. Technological and market developments are also challenging to predict.
In practice, Finland is an island. Around 85% of Finland's freight is transported by sea. The cost-effectiveness of maritime transport is important from the perspective of Finland's positive climate handprint, as low-carbon products are typically transported to the international market by sea.
The future maritime transport regulation is currently negotiated at the European Parliament and the Council. The business community and trade unions call on the decision makers to do their utmost to compensate for the extra costs winter navigation causes in order to have a playing field within the single market.
Industry and trade unions support the EU's 55% emission reduction target by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2050. The needs of the climate, the national economies and employment must be taken into account. It is essential that the competitiveness of Finnish companies and employees is maintained and that investment conditions are safeguarded. Emission targets must be achieved in a cost-effective, technology-neutral and market-based manner.
Jyri Häkämies, Director General, Confederation of Finnish Industries EK
Jaakko Hirvola, CEO, Technology Industries of Finland
Mika Aalto, Director General, Chemical Industry Federation of Finland
Tuomas Aarto, CEO, Service Sector Employers Palta
Timo Jaatinen, Director General, Finnish Forest Industries
Juho Romakkaniemi, CEO, Finland Chamber of Commerce
Mikael Pentikäinen, Chief Executive Officer, Suomen Yrittäjät
Tiina Tuurnala, CEO, Finnish Shipowners’ Association
Jarkko Eloranta, President, Central Organisation of Finnish Trade Unions SAK
Riku Aalto, President, Industrial Union
Petri Vanhala, President, Paperworkers’ Union
Kenneth Bondas, President, Finnish Seafarers' Union
Sture Fjäder, President, Confederation of Unions for Professional and Managerial Staff in Finland Akava
Samu Salo, President, Union of Professional Engineers in Finland
Riku Salokannel, Labour market director, Finnish Business School Graduates
Jari Jokinen, Secretary General, Tekniikan akateemiset
Antti Palola, President, Confederation of Trained Professionals STTK
Jorma Malinen, President, Trade Union Pro
Robert Nyman, Executive Manager, Finnish Engineers’ Association
Johan Ramsland, Managing Director, Finnish Ship’s Officers’ Union
Updated on 23 February, 2022: Grammar and spelling corrections